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Land use

Land use implies the form of land disposal with the view of taking advantage of lands useful properties and benefiting from it by:

  • independent management;
  • efficient planning of territory;
  • land protection against disturbance and pollution;
  • use of widespread minerals available in the territory.

The procedure of land use is established by the relevant law.

Land category is the part of the unified state land fund, which is distinguished by the key target purpose and has a certain legal framework. According to their purpose of use, all lands are broken down into:

  • lands designated for agricultural use;
  • residential lands;
  • lands for industrial, transportation, communication, etc. purposes;
  • lands for nature conservation, recreational, and historical and cultural purposes;
  • forestry fund lands;
  • water fund lands; and
  • reserve lands.

Land leasing is the form of land use, with which the land owner transfers a land plot to another person for use for a certain period at a charge.

Land servitude (easement) is a type of the property right to a land plot, which implies the right of non-owners to use the land plot specified under an agreement. As a rule, land servitude consists in the right of way through foreign territory, laying pipelines, mounting of power transmission lines, etc. At that, the owner with the advent of servitude will not lose the right of ownership, use, and disposal of his/her land plot.

Land user means a legal entity or individual that has been given a land parcel for perpetual, long-term, or temporary use.

Land management is a package of the measures related to the regulation of land relations and management of the conservation and use of land as a means of production. Combination of land management measures will ensure well-ordered land use. Land management creates background for the implementation of scientifically proven farming policies.

Permitted use of a land plot means a limiting list of the purposes for which the land plot, or another immovable property on it, may be used, including all encumbering actual obligations, servitudes, and other restrictions on the use, which is developed based on zoning of it, or another immovable property on it.

Registration of a land user means the abstract with certain contents concerning the rights of legal entities and individuals in the State Land Cadastre and land Records. A registration record is the basic entitling document. The Government will secure only registered land rights.


Lands designated for agricultural use are those located outside residential areas and allocated for farming or intended for such a purpose. Lands designated for agricultural use include (1) agricultural lands and (2) lands under:

  • on-farm roads;
  • communications;
  • trees and shrubs intended to provide for land protection against the impact of negative natural, human-caused, and technology-related phenomena;
  • landlocked bodies of water;
  • buildings, structures, and constructions used for production, storage, and primary processing of agricultural products.

Agricultural lands are the land plots used for agricultural production. Cultivated lands are divided into arable lands, perennial plantations, and hayfields and pasture lands. They range irrigated and non-irrigated agricultural lands.


Pasture land is an agricultural land covered with grassland vegetation, which is systematically used for grazing herbivorous animals. Prior to introduction of mechanized farming, grazing in summer time was the main source of food for animals, such as horned livestock and horses. Pasture lands are still used for grazing animals, especially in arid areas where the pasture land is not suitable for any agricultural production.

There are the following types of pasture lands: upland (dry); watered; waterlogged; mountain types; etc.

According to tillage degree, pasture lands are divided into natural and cultivated. Cultivated ones are made by sowing arable land with high-yielding grasses; such pasture lands have great nutritive value in comparison with natural pasture fields.

Pasture vegetation may be represented by various cereals, leguminous plants, and other forage crops. Soil type, minimum annual temperature, and rainfall are the main factors that determine the way of use of pasture lands.

Water pasture lands are those in the territory of which there are water sources capable to provide water of proper quality to a certain livestock number. At that, water sources can be represented by lakes, rivers, ponds, irrigation or water supply canals, tube or dug-out wells.

Radically improved pasture lands are those on which new herbage has been created through grassland renovation.

Sources:, Wikipedia

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