Knowledge base “IWRM: Central Asian experience”
The key IWRM principles accepted in the region:
- The main IWRM objectives - sustainable, stable, reasonable and equitable water supply for all uses and nature.
- Water and environmental governance performed within hydrographic boundaries in accordance with the basin morphology.
- Management accounts the all types of available waters (surface, underground, return) with consideration of the climatic conditions (precipitation and evaporation).
- Public participation not only in governance, but also in funding, maintenance, planning and development.
- Close coordination of water use in the horizontal direction among sectors and in the vertical – among levels of water management hierarchy.
- Information exchange, transparency, openness, accountability.
- Water saving and rational use, combat unproductive losses – the main priority for water users and water agencies.
Critical factors that made IWRM approach so successful for Central Asia:
- The key IWRM principles were clearly formulated and accepted by the key stakeholders
- De-fragmentation of the IWRM into proper components: IWRM = Water Resources Management Process + Governance System + Tools
- Governance system covered all vertical levels of hierarchy and created platform for horizontal (inter-sector) coordination
- The project prioritized legal aspects for practical implementation of the IWRM
- Social mobilization – the principal tool to enable environment for IWRM
- Orientation to proper indicators