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Policy Choices and Challenges

1 Why and how IWRM

2 Understanding the Causes of the Water Problems

3 Governance Failures

4 How the IWRM ToolBox helps

5 Choosing the appropriate tools

A THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT

A1 POLICIES – Setting goals for water use, protection and conservation

A1.1 Preparation of a national water resources policy

A1.2 Policies with relation to water resources

A2 LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK – Water policy translated into law

A2.1 Water rights

A2.2 Legislation for water quality

A2.3 Reform of existing legislation

A3 FINANCING AND INCENTIVE STRUCTURES – Financial resources to meet water needs

A3.1 Investment policies

A3.2 Financing options I: Grants and internal sources

A3.3 Financing options II: Loans and equity

B INSTITUTIONAL ROLES

B1 CREATING AN ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK – Forms and functions

B1.1 Reforming institutions for better governance

B1.2 Transboundary organisations for water resource management

B1.3 National apex bodies

B1.4 River basin organisations

B1.5 Regulatory bodies and enforcement agencies

B1.6 Service providers and IWRM

B1.7 Strengthening public sector water utilities

B1.8 Role of the private sector

B1.9 Civil society institutions and community based organisations

B1.10 Local authorities

B1.11 Building Partnerships

B2 BUILDING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY - Developing human resources

B2.1 Participatory capacity and empowerment in civil society

B2.2 Training to build capacity in water professionals

B2.3 Regulatory capacity

C MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS

C1 WATER RESOURCES ASSESSMENT – Understanding resources and needs

C1.1 Water resources knowledge base

C1.2 Water resources assessment

C1.3 Modelling in IWRM

C1.4 Developing water management indicators

C1.5 Ecosystem assessment

C2 PLANS FOR IWRM – Combining development options, resource use and human interaction

C2.1 National integrated water resources plans

C2.2 Basin management plans

C2.3 Groundwater management plans

C2.4 Coastal zone management plans

C2.5 Risk assessment and management

C2.6 Environmental Assessment (EA)

C2.7 Social Assessment (SA)

C2.8 Economic assessment

C3 EFFICIENCY IN WATER USE – Managing demand and supply

C3.1 Improved efficiency of use

C3.2 Recycling and reuse

C3.3 Improved efficiency of supply

C4 SOCIAL CHANGE INSTRUMENTS – Encouraging a water-oriented society

C4.1 Education curricula on water management

C4.2 Communication with stakeholders

C4.3 Information and transparency for raising awareness

C5 CONFLICT RESOLUTION – Managing disputes, ensuring sharing of water

C5.1 Conflict management

C5.2 Shared vision planning

C5.3 Consensus building

C6 REGULATORY INSTRUMENTS – Allocation and water use limits

C6.1 Regulations for water quality

C6.2 Regulations for water quantity

C6.3 Regulations for water services

C6.4 Land use planning controls and nature protection

C7 ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS – Using value and prices for efficiency and equity

C7.1 Pricing of water and water services

C7.2 Pollution and environmental charges

C7.3 Water markets and tradeable permits

C7.4 Subsidies and incentives

C8 INFORMATION EXCHANGE – Sharing knowledge for better water management

C8.1 Information management systems

C8.2 Sharing data for IWRM

C9 ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS

C9.1 Risk assessment and management

C9.2 Environmental assessment

C9.3 Social assessment

C9.4 Economic assessment

C9.5 Vulnerability assessment


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info@icwc-aral.uz