Improvement of water and land productivity

The results of the farms' study and observations provide us with an opportunity to identify the causes of reduced efficiency of agricultural farms production. The most common causes of low-effective use of irrigation water and agricultural production are:

  • Unstable supply of irrigation water to the farms;
  • Inappropriate schemes and irrigation technology options;
  • Unnormalized use of irrigation water;
  • Use of fertilizers regardless to types, timing and application rates;
  • Poor quality of technical and agricultural land treatment;
  • Delays in pest and diseases control.

Based on the analysis of the current situation in the farms, the following recommendations for organization and imple-mentation of agricultural operations, including the various technologies of crops irrigation and land treatment have been developed.

It is recommend to do to obtain a good harvest and profit:

  • Use effective technological scheme of irrigation, taking into account the characteristics of each field;
  • Use irrigation water in accordance with the requ-irements of the crop considering the soil-reclamation conditions;
  • Apply the recommended norms of mineral and organic fertilizers within the recommended time schedule;
  • Use the control measures against diseases and pests effectively;
  • Conduct all agronomic works on timely basis.

Selected bibliography

Monographs and brochures

Dukhovniy V.A., Nerozin S.A., Stulina G.V., Solodkiy G.F. - Programming of Crop Yields (Systems approach as applied to soil reclamation) (2015) 

Innovative partnership on the way to water productivity improvement (2010) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh. - Mechanism of effective irrigation water use in the farms with small areas (2007) 

Sustainable Land Management Technologies and Approaches (2011) 


Abdullaev I., Molden D. - Spatial and Temporal Variability of Water Productivity in the Syr Darya Basin, Central Asia (2004) 

Bekchanov M., Karimov A., Lamers J.P.A. - Impact of Water Availability on Land and Water Productivity: A Temporal and Spatial Analysis of the Case Study Region Khorezm, Uzbekistan (2010) 

Dukhovny V.A., Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh. - Effectiveness of the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in Improving of Water and Land Productivity in the Ferghana Valley 

Ibragimov G.A. - Consulting Services in Uzbekistan Agriculture (2014) 

Jumaboev K., Reddy Junna M., Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh.v, Anarbekov O. - Irrigation Extension Development in Central Asia: Experience from Water Productivity Improvement Project of Ferghana Valley 

Khamrayev Sh.R., Rakhimov Sh.Kh. - Water resources management in the republic of Uzbekistan in order to increase their productivity (2016) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Galustyan A.G., Nerozin S.A. - The End User of Water and the Extension Service for Farmers (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Galustyan A.G., Nerozin S.A. - Developing the Extension Services in Kyrgyzstan (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Galustyan A.G., Nerozin S.A. - Developing the Extension Services in Tajikistan (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Galustyan A.G., Nerozin S.A. - Developing the Extension Services in Uzbekistan (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., S.A. Nerozin - Water Use Aimed at Enhancing Land and Water Productivity (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Nerozin S.A. - Management of Irrigation and Agricultural Practice Based on State-of-the-Art Technological and Engineering Methods for Achieving Efficient Use of Land and Water Resources and Sustainable Crop Yields at the Field Level (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Nerozin S.A. - Water-Saving Methods Used on Project Demonstration Sites (2009) 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh. - Estimation of irrigation water use and its allocation at the districts’ and farms’ level in the period of agricultural sector’s reorganization in the territories of three states in Fergana Valley 

Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh. - Possibilities to Improve Water and Land Productivity in Central Asia on Example of the Project “Water Productivity at Plot Level” (2011) 

Reddy Junna M. - Approaches for improving water productivity towards global food security (2011) 

Reddy Junna M., Mukhamedjanov Sh.Sh., Jumaboev K. - Water Productivity of Cotton in Fergana Valley of Central Asia 

Rustamova I. - Information and consultation service as a mechanism for the transfer of innovation (2014) 

Water Productivity Improvement at the Field Level 

Wichelns D. - Do Estimates of Water Productivity Enhance Understanding of Farm-Level Water Management? (2014) 


Water productivity at demonstration plots and farms (2009)