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News: November 2007

BISHKEK HOLDS A ROUND TABLE ON “PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN SOLID DOMESTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT”

30 October 2007 the round table held by the UNDP “Capacity Building for Municipal Waste Management in Kyrgyzstan” project brought together representatives of non-governmental sector, territorial public councils, international organizations and government structure at the round table. The theme of the round table, as its obvious from name, was devoted to SDW and how the public can and must take part in issues concerning the environment and living conditions of population.

All people want to live in an environment which is comfortable in all terms. Environmental independence is an important issue for all and each person and due to its complexity participation of state in management of objects, technological elements, enterprises is crucial but under the strict public control. Enhancing the public rights in solid waste management is a priority task without which it is impossible to achieve the positive results. Unfortunately, it is not always the case when public is involved in development and decision-making on SDW utilization.

This is related not only with weak legislation and lack of democratic traditions in the society. Very often the government structures do not know how to interact with the public and can not use main methodologies of involving different groups of citizens in solid domestic waste management. Practically the public is presented with fait.

Such a careless attitude towards citizens unavoidably leads to conflicts and contradiction with officially adopted decisions. Domestic waste, even in industrially developed countries, make up about half of total waste volume. Therefore fostering public activity in this area is important for the public itself and for all services involved in this problem.

Source: CARNet press service, 2.11.2007

RUSSIA CAN TAKE A ROLE OF AN ARBITER ON WATER ENERGY ISSUES IN CENTRAL ASIA

“One thing is to create balance, another is in dynamics as it also involves creating of new hydroenergy capacities. But each feeding of water reservoir reduces the outflow for some period. Creating of such capacities requires very careful regulation so that no one would suffer from it”, MAkalkin, water expert said.

He noted that a problem on electric energy in winter period is standing acute in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan as they both have no other resources than water. But in winter to generate the energy from HPS water needs to be thrown from reservoir while agriculture needs it to be accumulated in it. Agriculture needs that HPS work in its full capacity during the irrigation season. “It means that interests should be agreed here, and in these interests Russia can play a role as an arbiter” he said.

He also stressed the issue on sale of electric energy by CA countries during the active work of HPS. “A question arises what to do with the energy, neither Kyrgyzstan nor Tajikistan needs so much energy. However Kazakhstan experiences shortage of energy, it can be sold to them. Russian Siberia also needs electric energy. Therefore from the given point participation of Russia makes sense. Moreover, Russia has a metallurgic combine “Rusal” in Tajikistan. As far as I know Rusal would not object another combine as raw materials and electric energy is enough for that. Therefore, Russia although indirectly is also interested” he added.

He emphasized that it is up to Central Asian stakeholders what to do with water and saying it is all up to Russia would not be correct, however Russia could take on the role of an arbiter. “Russia as a less interested party can serve as an impartial arbiter. From this viewpoint Russia could take active part, which by protecting its interests can be a balancer to a certain extent” he said.

Source: CARNet press service, 2.11.2007

DRAFT LAW OF KR “ON RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES” PREPARED FOR DISCUSSION

Search for potential sources and ways for generating energy, in particular, prospects for the use of renewable energy sources (RES) is in the focus of attention not only of Kyrgyzstan but the world as well. The UNDP “Promotion of Micro-HPS for Sustainable Development of Mountainous Communities” project in close cooperation with the KR Ministry of Industry, Energy and Fuel Resources has developed a draft law “On the Use of Renewable Energy Sources”. This law is the result of cooperation between the UNDP and KR Government on promotion of comprehensive approach to sustainable use of natural resources and regulates RES as an element of sustainable development of the country.

The aim of the law is to create priority organizational, legal and economic conditions for the use of RES for sustainable development, better social situation and environment for population, scientific-technical development of innovation technologies in RES area and saving of traditional energy resources.

Source: CARNet press service, 2.11.2007

KR EXPERTS ARE DISCUSSING THE DRAFT NATIONAL CONCEPT OF KR TRANSITION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Today the workshop- consultations to discuss the draft National Concept of the KR Transition to Sustainable Development was organized in the office of the UNDP “Environment for Sustainable Development” program.

The structure of the proposed concept consists of the following chapters: timeliness of KR transition to sustainable development; strategic priorities, goals and objectives of KR transition to sustainable development; development of the KR in geopolitical and geoeconomic frames; sustainable social and economic development; environmental sustainability and security.

Bekkulova D., head of the Environmental Strategy and Policy Deaprtment, KR SAEP&F has read the welcome speech from DAvletkeldiev A., Director of KR SAEP&F, which set out a detailed information on development process of the draft national sustainable development strategy and the main areas of cooperation between SAEP&F and international organizations to address the environmental issues. In his speech Mr. DAvletkeldiev noted that timeliness and relevancy of this Concept directly meets the international commitments of the country which signed the Transition of World Community to Sustainable Development Action Program - Agenda 21.

During the meeting participants have discussed the proposed draft concept and provided their feedbacks and comments addressed to developers of the document for their further work on the document.

Source: CARNet press service, 2.11.2007

KYRGYZ SCIENTISTS PARTICIPATE IN INTERNATIONAL FORUM IN TASHKENT

Kyrgyz scientists participate in international forum in Tashkent. The theme of this conference is "Main challenges for providing environmental security and sustainable development in the region of Central Asia: degradation of land and pollution of soil".

Organizer of the forum is Office of the Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities, a correspodent of “Kabar” reported.

According to organizers, the conference is being organized as a follow-up to the Fifteenth OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum. Reprersentatives of over 20 states of the world are attendting the conference.

Vice-president of the National Academy of Sceinces Duishon Kudayarov reprsents the delegation of Kyrgyzstan.

Source: KABAR, 2.11.2007

ALMATY TO HOST FORUM ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF CA MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS

A forum on sustainable development of the mountainous regions of Central Asia, devoted to cooperation with the state structures on the level of local communities will be held in Almaty on November 8-10, Kazinform refers to CARNet’s press service.

The forum’s aim is to contribute to the dialogue between the sides, involved in the work of the sustainable development of the mountainous regions of Central Asia. The ways for strengthening cooperation and joint work of the state structures with all the interested parties s will be defined within the frame of the forum.

The forum will become a multilevel and many-sided platform. About 80 participants from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, representatives of the national, regional and international non-governmental organizations, governmental organizations, academic circles, business structures are expected take part in the forum.

Source: KAZINFORM, 2.11.2007

WB VICE PRESIDENT, DIRECTOR TO ARRIVE IN TAJIKISTAN

The regional vice President of the World Bank (WB) Shigeo Katsu and Director for Europe and Central Asia Annet Dickson will arrive in Tajikistan on November 1-5, the agency reports.

According to the representation of WB in Tajikistan, the main purpose of the visit is participation in the VI ministerial conference of the Central Asian regional economic cooperation (CAREC), which will be held on November 2-3, 2007 in Dushanbe.

According to the source, "during S. Katsu and A. Dickson's visit the meetings with the officials of the country and economic block of the republic have been planned to discuss the activity of WB as well as the results of the annual meetings of WB and IMF held recently in Washington (October 19-21)."

Source: Kazakhstan Today, 2.11.2007

MDG WIDE AWARENESS CAMPAIGN CONTINUED IN BUKHARA WITH YOUTH AND CHILDREN

The United Nations Resident Coordinator Office organized a series of trainings for the active youth in Bukhara town. The event was held with the assistance of the MDG Youth Network volunteers who showed their great interest and enthusiasm to achieve the MDGs by 2015 in Uzbekistan.

The MDG Outreach events were facilitated in Bukhara Youth Center "Kelajak Ovozi", school No. 2 and at the Bukhara Orphanage No. 32.

The main objectives of the events were: introduce youth in Bukhara with the Millennium Development Goals; establish and facilitate for open dialogue using peer to peer education mechanism tools; establish network of youth who are open to discuss the MDGs among their peers; announce news from MDG Youth Network and promote students participation in national essay competition.

The event at Bukhara youth center "Kelajak ovozi" started with welcoming speech by youth center representatives, where they stressed the importance of learning the nationalized MDGs to initiate new projects and activities. The youth center serves as a ground for initiating youth-led-development mini projects, where both local community and youth can benefit. First of all, students were introduced to the origins and priorities of the Millennium Declaration signed by 189 UN member countries in the world. The presentation on the Millennium Development Goals in Uzbekistan highlighted significant socio-economic development trends in the world and in Uzbekistan and emphasized youth participation in achieving the MDGs, starting from individual behaviors.

Following the presentation on MDGs, students had an opportunity to focus and discuss topics on what measures should be and being implemented by government and international donor community to improve living standards, how youth can implement development mini project to make their life more better and how youth can contribute to the improvement of education system and eventually what role youth could play in outlining significant priorities to advocate towards achieving the MDGs in Uzbekistan. Eight MDG topics were fully covered by the MDG Youth Network Volunteers represented by different universities in Tashkent city.

At the end of the training, United Nations Office representatives told about the latest news and announcements like national essay competition on the MDGs in Uzbekistan and introduced the participants with the outlined topics. Another suggestion was concerning how to write best Youth-Led-Development mini projects, where youth can contribute their enthusiasm and support for the development challenges arising within the society.

The next educational tournament in Bukhara started at the Orphanage No. 32, where children were ready to play MDG tic-tak-toe game with MDG Youth Network Volunteers. The children in this orphanage were equipped so well with knowledge and education on the child' rights, health issues and many of them knew information about the UN in Uzbekistan very well. The purpose of this MDG tic-tak-toe game was to inform, educate and promote initiatives where children would apply the MDGs in their daily life.The game was facilitated by the MDG Youth Network volunteers and brought solid discussion into informational parts.

The last session on Bukhara was held at school No. 2 and MDG session was the start campaign for the inter school government named "Yangi avlod'. As we learned that this school supports self government system to support initiatives of children on various child-related topics. The lesson on the MDGs was facilitated by MDG Youth Network volunteers.

Overall, MDG Campaign in Bukhara was successful and brought outcomes in results of raising awareness and bringing MDGs closer to our daily life.

Source: UzReport, 2.11.2007