BETTER ENVIRONMENT, BETTER HEALTH
Source: Uzbekistan Today, 11.07.2009
A roundtable on issues of negative influence of hostile environment on human health was organized in Nukus by the Committee on Labor and Social Issues of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan jointly with Jokargi Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.
As Jamila Niyazova, member of the Committee on Labor and Social Issues of the lower chamber of the parliament commented, the meeting was intentionally hosted in Nukus. The problem of influence of the Aral disaster on human health is known to everyone. The population of Karakalpakstan is located at the epicenter of the zone and suffers from this influence first.
Participants of the roundtable focused on issues of producing clear fresh water available to the population, improving sanitation and hygiene conditions, decreasing disease rates, child and maternal mortality and improving environmental protection. Air pollution by dust and salt from the bottom of the dried out part of the Aral Sea and blowing dusts lead to exacerbation of chronic diseases: chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis and origin of respiratory infections.
As a result of reforms held in public healthcare, there are now more than 300 medical institutions in Karakalpakstan rendering medical services to the population. Great attention is paid to the expansion of social protection of population, especially that of women and children; as a result, infant mortality has been reduced twice, and 2.1 times among children under 5, maternal mortality was reduced sixfold against indices in the 1990s.
Participants agreed that overcoming the consequences of negative environmental influence on the health of population depends on consolidation of efforts of all regional authorities, starting from local authorities, citizens’ self-governing bodies and entire civil society.
INVESTMENTS TO ECOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
Source: Uzbekistan Today, 11.07.2009
Uzbekistan has developed a project on decreasing of the gas emission on five compressing stations (CS) by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol with the application of the green investments scheme.
The works will be carried out by Uztransgaz Company in 2009-2012 at cost of its own means. The project is implemented within the agreement on purchasing the reduction of gas emissions signed among Uztransgaz, Fortis Bank NB (Belgium) and Fortis Intertrust (the Netherlands) in 2008. According to this agreement the cost of a unit of certified reduction of emissions should make at least 10 euro per ton. The specialists of the company will run repairs and replacement of stop valves and packing material on CS; it will reduce the emissions by 14 mln cubic meters of natural gas in a year.
In addition a Coordination Committee for implementation of the green investments scheme has been created. It is to determine priority directions on application of the mechanism.
The green investments scheme is one of the mechanisms of greenhouse gas emissions trade and it works in the following order: the state in form of agency or ministry finances the projects on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and then receives cash means under this reduction for further financing of social projects.
As the experts mention, implementation of CDM-projects by the green investments scheme will cover the investment costs of initiators and investors of CDM-project, as well as direct part of income from selling the certified reduction of emissions on implementation of social projects and projects on introduction of the modern power efficient technologies, for example, the technologies of renewable energy.
At the beginning of 2007 the Ministry for Economy that is authorized to implement distribution of reduction emissions of greenhouse gases among the investors of the CDM-projects is determined as the national body for CDM in Uzbekistan.
November 6, 2006 is the start date of CDM portfolio forming in Uzbekistan. This day the key agreement on joint development of six projects on reduction of nitrous oxide between GSC Uzkimyosanoat and Mitsubishi Corporation were signed. In general the portfolio of CDM-projects of Uzbekistan is presented by 75 project applications, 59 of which have already got the approval of the International Council for CDM.