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News: January 2008

INDEPENDENT EXPERTS TO AUDIT OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS IN SOUTHEAST OF TURKMENISTAN

Turkmenistan will conduct an audit of large oil and gas deposits of Gunorta Yoleten and Osman situated in the southeast of Turkmenistan. As Turkmenistan.ru has learnt from Turkmengeologiya state corporation, Turkmenistan is currently holding talks with one international company on the audit of these deposits.

As was reported earlier, Turkmenistan is going to audit its largest deposits in 2008 as well as to have an overall assessment of all hydrocarbon reserves in the country.

It should be recalled that the last international audit of some oil and gas deposits was conducted in Turkmenistan in 2004. At that time, the US consulting company DeGolyer & MacNaughton audited Turkmenistan's largest Dovletabat gas deposit, and UK's Gaffney, Cline & Associates Ltd company certified the reserves of a number of deposits in the east of Turkmenistan.

Source: Turkmenistan.ru, 30.01.2008

KYRGYZSTAN HELPS TO TAJIKISTAN TO OVERCOME ENERGY DEFICIT

Kyrgyzstan intends to supply electrical energy to Tajikistan in the volume of 11 million kilowatt/hour. Prime Minister Igor Chudinov told during the meeting with President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. According to him, the energy will be supplied with conditions that Tajikistan will compensate the supplied electrical energy in April May.

It is necessary to note that Tajik prime minister Oqil Oqilov during a meeting with I.Chudinov in Moscow in the frame of the session of EurAsEC Interstate Council, asked Kyrgyzstan to increase electricity supplies to Tajikistan during the winter months. According to Oqilov, because of unusually cold winter a critical power supply situation emerged in Tajikistan. We have practically used up the Norak reservoir, and we have electrical power for 12 days, Tajik PM said, adding that he is aware of the satiation at Kyrgyzstans Toktogul reservoir. However, taking into the consideration the situation, I would ask you to increase a volume of electricity being supplied to Tajikistan, Oqilov said. He reminded that under an agreement between the countries Kyrgyz city of Salyukta receives electricity from Tajik power systems. In this connection, I ask you to increase the supply of daily electrical power at least to 50 megawatt".

Source: KABAR, 30.01.2008

NGO ROLE IN SETTLING ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

"A round-table on the subject of "Issues on coordination and optimisation of ecological projects carried out by state bodies and NGOs in the sphere of management of land resources and waste recycling" was held in the National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan," said an official from the Institute for Study of Civil Society (ISCS).

In the round-table organised by the ISCS, "Ecosan" international foundation and EcoForum of Uzbekistan issues on management of land resources and waste recycling and coordination of ecological problems were discussed.

Participants of the round-table noted that there is a number of problems in the management of land resources and waste recycling as well as in coordinating projects carried out by state bodies and NGOs in this field.

Mrs. I.Bekmirzaeva, the head of the International Department, the State Committee for Nature Protection (SCNP) of Uzbekistan, said that the basic directions of the cooperation in the field of international nature protection are defined by the foreign policy strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Formation of the national policy and the basic directions of the international cooperation are based on the preservation of the ecologic potential of the country.

Uzbekistan became a UN member in 1992, soon after it had obtained its independence and it started to cooperate with a number of UN institutions including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

In 1999 an Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Uzbekistan and the European Union and its member states was signed. Article 54 of this Agreement is dedicated to environment and healthcare issues and it covers 22 purposes in the field of cooperation including waste recycling.

R.Mamatkulov, the head of the Scientific and Technical Progress and Propagation Department, SCNP told in more details about a waste recycling program. He noticed that a "Strategy on Waste Management in Uzbekistan" has been developed. During its preparation an inventory has been made on all kinds of waste. By an estimate more than 30 million tons of waste are accumulated in Uzbekistan each year and only 10 million tons out of them are recycled. The rest of them are accumulated in so-called spontaneous, unorganized dumps.

A "Plan of Action on Waste Management" providing a decrease of the waste quantity and the building of modern ranges has been developed in Uzbekistan. District and regional authorities are defined executors of this plan.

Chief of the Uzbek Nature Protection Fund under the SCNP T.Arifhanov said that funds are formed out of receipts for penalties, claims and compensatory payments made by those who are found at fault in the process of SCNP officials inspections. A part of these payments (50 %) go to the state budget, the another part is spent on project implementation purposes and nature protection actions. The fixed assets of the Fund are spent on implementation of ecological projects of scientific centres, higher schools and nature protection activities of enterprises and organisations. According to the plan of the Fund upon expenditure of means it is foreseen to allocate 2 per cent of money resources from the general budget for NGOs projects.

Armon NGO director D.Zaynutdinova told about an experience on the building of waste gathering and primary processing points in Tashkent and Angren under the National Association of NGOs project in 2006. She noticed that the processing of household waste can be profitable.

The representative of the Institute of Water Problems, the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan L.Sherfetdinov said that 2,5 million hectares out of 4,2 million ones of irrigated lands in Uzbekistan are vulnerable to erosion. "Today only 0.13 hectare of the land accounts for 1 person in this country. Now hill areas are opened up as a result of which the level of sub-soil waters rise in flat areas. In turn, it leads to degradation and bogginess of the arable lands", L.Sherfetdinov told. A State Committee on Land Resources, Geodesy, Cartography and State Cadastre project chief engineer A.Tursunov said that annually 80 thousand hectares of the irrigated lands in Central Asia get out of use and 20 thousand hectares of them are of Uzbekistan. 64 per cent of land resources of Uzbekistan are vulnerable to degradation and salinification. Economic development goes without a due account of ecological aspects. It is necessary an ecosystem approach in using land resources," stated A.Tursunov. In his opinion, in the process of settling this issue it is necessary to use NGOs potentials and possibilities.

While discussing these issues the participants of the round-table offered to improve rent relations' legal basis in the agriculture sector i.e. to define the volume of manufacture and productivity of agricultural plants on the basis of conditions of concrete land resources.

Besides it was suggested to promote introduction of results scientific researches of the Institute of Water Problems and other scientific centres into land tenure practice.

Source: www.gtz.uz, 30.01.2008